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Information for interested citizens about the project "Windpark Ebersberger Forst"
Since 2008 there has been the idea to use a small part of the Ebersberg Forest for wind energy. Specifically, this involves the construction of a maximum of 5 wind turbines in the west of the forest.
On 15 March 2021, it was decided in the district council that the citizens of the district would be involved in the possible construction of the wind farm. An important decision before the citizens’ decision on 16 May 2021, in which the district of Ebersberg is invited to cast its votes on this project.
Green City offers interested citizens the opportunity to find out more and enter into dialogue.
During the construction of a maximum of five wind turbines, existing forest paths can be used for development in the forest. This requires only a small amount of intervention in the forest and the construction work can be carried out in a particularly environmentally friendly manner.
In addition, paths and open spaces can be used in part as a crane parking area, so that comparatively few trees have to be felled for the building areas. The current plan foresees that the area of the wind turbines is less than 0.02% of the total forest area of about 90 km2. The area requirement is expected to be 3,000 m2 per winch power plant, instead of an average area requirement of 3,750 m2 per wind turbine. By comparison, the latter is about half of a football field.
At a glance
Please note: These data are indicative values, as no specific plant type has yet been selected.
Added value - Together create sustainable change.
We plan and implement the five wind turbines with the district of Ebersberg and the citizens.
Benefits for the county
- Green, regional energy production.
- direct participation opportunities of 40% for third parties appointed by the district without project risk. Financial participation of citizens* inside wind turbines.
- municipal participation in accordance with Section 36k EEG 2021. This corresponds to 15,000 – 20,000 EUR per year / investment over a term of 20 years.
- Increased business tax revenues.
- Possibility of direct marketing of the generated electricity by the EBERwerk.
Essential for the environment
- The success of the energy transition depends to a large extent on the expansion of wind energy on land – for this, wind energy at forest sites is necessary.
- Species protection and climate protection through wind turbines go together.
- The balance-sheet climate protection performance of the plants is a factor of 1,000 higher than by forests alone. The CO2 binding of a forest area of 0.3 hectares is approximately 66 tonnes of CO2 within 20 years. On the other hand, when a wind turbine is operated (the same area and runtime), the release of around 67,000 tonnesof CO2 Compensated.
Aims of the district
- 100% Renewable Energy Region. The district of Ebersberg has set itself the goal of being free of fossil and other finite energy sources by 2030.
- This is primarily to be achieved through efficiency measures and energy savings.
- The remaining share of energy is to be generated decentrally and regeneratively in our region.
- As a basis for the implementation of the energy transition, a climate protection concept funded by EU funds was developed in 2010.
Frequently asked questions
- Decentralized regional power generation – marketing EBERwerk
- The further success of the energy transition depends to a large extent on the expansion of wind energy on land. The southern states are still lagging behind in the expansion. They also have a large proportion of forests. Thanks to the technical progress and significantly higher nab heights above the treetops and thus over the wind turbulence of the forest surfaces, an economical operation is also possible here. Wind energy at forest sites is a decisive contribution to the energy transition.
- Because there is enough space and large distances of well over 2,000 meters to surrounding villages are feasible.
- Heavy-duty forest paths can be used in a well-developed economic forest.
- Value creation and local financial benefits can be achievable for local communities (business tax, shareholders), local citizens through financial participation models, – local subcontractors, planners, credit institutions.
The main reason is the protected landscape area. In general, the following applies: Species protection and climate protection through wind turbines go hand in hand – in the long term, wind energy contributes to the preservation of stable ecosystems and thus to the protection of species. In other words, the construction of the wind turbines ultimately ensures the protection and conservation of the forest and landscape conservation area.
Thanks to the technical progress of the wind turbines, an economic project can be realized in the Ebersberg Forest and at the same time a contribution to the energy transition and climate protection can be made. The economics were considered by us internally on the assumption of different circumstances and therefore for different scenarios. The values for the development of electricity prices, which we have used for our calculations, are predicted values of an external specialist, which cover both the possibilities of the EG and the free electricity market and offer us an internal calculation basis.
Extensive risk assessment is part of every wind farm planning. This includes, for example.B losses due to bat protection shutdowns or the elimination of individual installations for the protection of a particular bird species.
Construction is expected to begin in 2024/25. From the start of construction to commissioning, approximately one year is expected.
WEA are remunerated in accordance with the EEG. The amount of the remuneration is determined by participating in a call for tenders. In 2020, the average surcharge value was around 6 cents. We calculate with a value well below the 6 cents.
Why is the measurement period 15 months? (March 2013 – June 2014)
- Data logger saves a data set every 10 minutes
- additional examination of all data sets by income experts
How to get from measured 5.23 m/s to 5.59 m/s?
Since wind speeds vary at one location, the data collected for short-term measurement are set into a long-term reference: the result of the short-term measurement corresponds to an average wind speed of 5.23 m/s,in the long-term average (20 years) this means a speed of 5.59 m/s.
Green City - Wer wir sind
As a holistic energy and transport turnaround company, we stand for the citizen-oriented implementation of climate protection goals. Our goal: 100% renewable energy, zero-emission mobility and sustainable concepts for a green life.
In 1990, a small group of Munich residents came together and founded the environmental association Green City e.V. with the vision to bring environmental issues closer to the public and to make cities more sustainable. Since the design of renewable power plants is also necessary for a real change, a subsidiary was founded in 2005, today’s Green City AG.
Green City develops, buys, finances and operates renewable energy plants. With the support of the citizens, 356 renewable energy plants in Germany and Europe have been realized and more than 344 GWh of green electricity has been produced. In 2019 alone, around 160,000 tonnes of CO2 were avoided. As a subsidiary of the environmental association Green City e.V., we bring together value creation and value orientation.
Excerpt from our references
Bürgerwindpark Südliche Ortenau
- Commissioning: 2016
- 7 Plants
- Power: 19.3 MW
- Annual production: 44,000 MWh
Awarded with the “Best Community Award” and classified as a best practice example by the Ministry of the Environment of Baden-Württemberg. More details about the Südliche Ortenau wind farm can be found here.
Bavarian Odenwald wind farm
- Commissioning: 2016
- 5 Plants
- Capacity: 12 MW
- Annual production: 30,000 MWh
As the first WP Green City, the plants produce approximately 30 million kWh of green electricity per year and were financed by a closed-end civic participation fund.
Sindersdorf Wind Farm
- Commissioning: 2016
- 2 Plants
- Power: 5.5 MW
- Annual production: 12,000 MWh
The wind farm is located about 40 km south. from Nuremberg and is optimally suited for locations with moderate wind generation due to the tower height of 139 m and the rotor diameter of 120 m.
Bürgerwald wind farm
- Commissioning: 2017
- 4 Plants
- Power: 9.6 MW
- Annual production: 23,000 MWh
With a total height of around 199m per plant, the Type N117 Nordex turbines supply around 7,000 households with electricity from sustainable generation every year.
Garessio Wind Farm
- Commissioning: 2009
- 5 Plants
- Power: 12.5 MW
- Annual production: 20,000 MWh
The energy generated is remunerated on the basis of a feed-in tariff and a combination of direct marketing and a PPA. The wind farm supplies around 6,400 households with sustainably generated energy each year, saving around 13,500 tonnes of CO2.